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Does Iceland have mosquitoes?

Altough you will find mosquitoes in almost every country in the world, it does not apply to Iceland. Iceland is one of the few places on the planet that has no mosquitoes.

Mosquitoes can be found in nearby countries like Greenland that has two species, Scandinavia that has around 28 species, and in the United Kingdom which also has 28 species of Mosquitoes, but in Iceland we are mosquitoe free. According to the Icelandic web of science, Iceland has many insects that suck blood from mammals, such as fish, fleas, bedbugs and biting mites. But Mosquitoes have not been able to get a foothold in Iceland.

Mosquito hanging on a leaf  

Why does Iceland have no mosquitoes?

The most likely explanation is the climate changes and weather conditions in Iceland. Compared to our neighboring countries such as Greenland and Norway they have more stable weather conditions in all seasons. In Iceland, we have a saying, “if you don’t like the weather, wait five minutes”. This saying describes Icelandic weather conditions perfectly. As we can experience all seasons in one day, it can be hard for mosquitoes to settle in Iceland.

 

Has Iceland always been without mosquitoes?

The short answer is yes, due to the conditions in Iceland described above they have not been able to settle in Iceland. But a professor in biology Gísli Már Gíslason said in an article on the Icelandic web of science that he saw a mosquito on a plane coming from Greenland and was able to catch it. Today this mosquito is kept in a jar at the Icelandic Institute of National History. The mosquito can live by the wheels of an airplane for many hours and move between countries in that way. So, it cannot be said that the mosquitoes have not settled in Iceland because there is no way for them to come to Iceland. They have most likely come to Iceland with some of the many airplanes that fly to Iceland, but not been able to survive due to the weather conditions.

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